The National Electric Code describes a bathroom as: "An area including a basin with one or more of the following: a toilet, a tub, or a shower".
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Bath room vanity lighting is critical. It is where makeup is applied, hair is styled, shaving takes place and dressing occurs. There are several lighting styles that are used in a bath room area:
This lighting is popular because it allows the mirror to go from the vanity to the ceiling. There is no fixture on the wall. This is a great light on the vanity. However, when trying to shave, apply make-up, etc., you will experience shadows on your face. These will appear under your nose and chin. Also your eyes will look somewhat darker. pictures
This lighting is the most popular. It gives the best lighting on your face. Because it is located on the wall, it is able to cast light on your face evenly. It will also give a better overall room light. This is due to the fact that the bulbs emits light in all directions, not just down as recessed will do. pictures
This lighting gives a good light like broadway lighting. It gives light in all directions. However, this style of lighting is not used very much anymore. It was very popular in the 60's-70's.
The bathroom fan page
Bath room fans are an essential part of a bath for 2 main reasons.
When selecting a bath fan, choose one that will vent the room adequately. Measure the room and find out the square footage. This should help you select a fan with the correct cfm size (cubic feet of air per minute). The higher the cfm number, the more air it will move.
Another factor in selecting a
fan is the sones. The scone rating is the amount of noise a fan will
make when it is running. This usually runs from 1.5 - 4.5. The higher
the number, the more noise the fan will produce.
Bath room outlets have the potential to be the
most dangerous outlets in your home. Because you come in contact with
water ("ground") when
you shower, bathe, wash your hands, etc., any electricity voltage you
touch could be life threatening.
210-8. Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter
Protection for Personnel
A GFI can be installed as a breaker or a receptacle. Both work on the same principles. If a person is grounded and touches a "live" wire that is GFI protected, the GFI will "trip". The person coming into contact with the GFI protected wire will still feel an electrical shock, but only for about a 1000th of a second. It has been determined that this should not affect the electrical rhythm of your heart.
Once a GFI device is installed and protecting you, it is very important to check the device for proper operation. This is a simple test. All GFI devices have a test button on them. Press the test button and the device should trip and thus causing the voltage to shut off.
Both the breaker and receptacle GFI's are capable of protecting other devices on the load side.
"210-11 C(3) - Bathroom Branch Circuits. In addition to the number of branch circuits required by other parts of this section, at least one 20-ampere branch circuit shall be provided to supply the bathroom receptacle outlet(s). Such circuits shall have no other outlets."
Exception: Where the 20-ampere circuit supplies a single bathroom, outlets for other equipment within the same bathroom shall be permitted to be supplied in accordance with Section 210-23(a).
This is a good area to have a qualified electrician install and maintain the electrical GFI system.
Hot tubs are becoming very popular in bathroom settings. They are designed to be drained after every use (opposed to the whirlpools and jacuzzis that will hold water for multiple visits).
All hot tubs need to be GFI protected. A big consideration is where to install the protection.